Z Trucking Terminology
yard mule accessorial service: a service rendered by a carrier secondary to a transportation service. Examples are storage, reconsignment, stopping in transit to complete loading or to partially unload, etc.
ad Valorem Tax: a charge levied on persons or organizations based on the value of transaction. Federal excise tax on new trucks and trailers.
assets: future economic benefits obtained by an entity as a result of past transactions or events.
ATA: American Trucking Associations, Inc. serves the united interests of the trucking industry through a national federation of 50 independent state trucking associations plus the District of Columbia (each representing all classes and types of trucking operation), 12 independent conferences (each representing a special class or type truck operation) and the national headquarters.
audit of freight bills: the process of verifying if transportation charges shown on the carrier?s freight bill are reasonable.
automobile transporter: any company certified to transport motor vehicles by hauling them on special vehicles or driving them.
average gross revenue per loaded mile: average total payment received per mile traveled with a load.
axle weight: amount of weight transmitted to the highway by one axle.
back haul (a) to haul a shipment back over a part of a route traveled; (b) traffic moving in direction of light flow when a carrier?s traffic on a route is heavier in one direction than the other.
balance sheet: a financial statement listing all assets, liabilities and owner?s equity at a certain date.
balloon freight: light, bulky cargo.
basing point: a point in which rates to another destination are computed through. For example,
a rate from Louisville, KY to a point near Jacksonville, Fl is computed as follows: The rate form Louisville to Jacksonville to the nearby point. Jacksonville, in this case, is the basing point.
basing rate: (see proportional rate)
billed weight: the weight shown in a freight bill.
bill of lading: written transportation contract between shipper and carrier (or their agents). It identifies the freight, who is to receive it, and the place of delivery. In addition, it gives terms of the agreement.
blue label: atomic material shipment.
bobtail: truck operating without a trailer.
bogey: a two axle assembly
bottlers body: truck or trailer body designed primarily for the transportation of cased bottled beverages.
box: trailer or semi trailer. Also, the transmission of a motor vehicle.
break bulk: to separate a composite load into individual shipments and route to different destinations.
bridge law: federal regulations specifying maximum weight based on the distance in feet between axles.